Pit stops are a prominent part of Formula 1. In the past decade pit stops have become faster and faster, with some of the quickest stops being done in under two seconds. But two seconds is a lot in F1. This can leave new fans wondering if you have to make a pit stop in F1.
You do have to make a pit stop in F1. Pit stops are mandatory in Formula 1 under dry conditions, as the cars are required to use two different compounds of tires. In a wet race teams do not have to make a pit stop if they think they can make it to the end of the race on one set of tires.
Due to the way that the modern Pirelli tires have been designed, it is nearly impossible for a driver to go through the entire race without making a pit stop. But there are many other reasons pit stops have been made mandatory in Formula 1, which we explain in more detail below.
Why Are Pit Stops Mandatory In F1?
Pit stops are mandatory in F1 as teams must use at least two different compounds of tires during the course of the race, which means that teams need to carefully plan the changing of their tires in their race strategy.
Teams only have 13 sets of dry tires that they can use for the entire race weekend, which means they must carefully plan when to switch out tires, as otherwise they will be forced to change to a set of used tires during the race. These tires must last three practice sessions, qualifying, and the race.
Pit stops have become incredibly fast, lasting between two and three seconds if all goes to plan. This is mainly due to the banning of refueling throughout the race, which would take up a couple of seconds on each pit stop. With teams only having to change tires during a normal pit stop, the speed of pit stops has increased dramatically.
Using Two Different Compounds
The reason pit stops are mandatory in Formula 1 is the rule that was implemented that each driver must use two different compounds throughout the course of the Grand Prix.
This means that each driver has to stop at least once during the race, unless they start on wet or intermediate tires. This rule was brought in during the 2011 season when Pirelli tires were introduced into the sport.
This rule was mainly brought in to mix up the strategies that teams use and prevent them all from using the same tire strategy throughout the course of the race. With refueling banned at the end of the 2009 season, Formula 1 had to introduce a new way to keep the races interesting.
Formula 1 tires have been designed with performance in mind. The type of rubber that is used to build these tires is not the most durable. Instead, they are a made of a softer compound which will provide the cars with more grip, but with increased wear.
Overall, this is done to allow the cars to corner much faster with the higher levels of grip. This allows the cars to set much faster lap times, but it also means that the cars can’t complete the entire race distance without changing their tires at least once.
This means that if a car was to go too far on one set of tires, there is the risk that they would suffer a puncture at high speed. If a Formula 1 car’s tire were to fail through a high-speed corner, the result would be a horrific crash. In order to prevent this from happening, teams must make at least one pit stop rather than pushing their tires past their limits.
We do still see some tire failures, and while they’re quite often due to debris and other issues, rather than pure wear, sometimes the drivers do simply go a bit too long on one set.
When Formula 1 banned refueling from the sport for the 2010 season, there were concerns that they were taking away a strategic element that many fans loved the sport for. The refueling era was known for being a fast-paced game of chess.
Teams could fuel their cars light at the start of the race so there was less weight but have to stop earlier, or they could fuel their cars to go closer to the end of the race, sacrificing their initial pace to run further into the Grand Prix without a pit stop.
The mandatory pit stop rule was implemented to simply prevent teams from running from the start of the Grand Prix all the way to the end of it without ever making a pit stop. Forcing all drivers to make pit stops will ensure that there is still a strategic element that remains part of the sport, even though refueling disappeared.
Formula 1 is very much a team sport. It’s about a lot more than just the driver. While there is an entire team behind the driver that builds the car and repairs any issues that the car might have, they also play an important role during the race.
Pit stops rely heavily on the ability and skills of the mechanics in the team, and enforcing a mandatory pit stop ensures that their roles remain important. It ensures that the hours of pit stop practice that the mechanics put in during the season does not go to waste.
Having the mandatory pit stop rule in Formula 1 keeps this teamwork element of the sport alive. It also ensures that the spectators get to see the team working together in a spectacular way. The fact that these mechanics can complete a pit stop in under 2.5 seconds is very impressive!
Do You Have To Pit In The Rain In F1?
You do not have to pit in the rain in F1. If the race starts under wet conditions, or if rain occurs at any point, whether it’s full wet tires or even intermediates, drivers don’t have to make their mandatory pit stop throughout the race, meaning they no longer have to use at least 2 tire compounds.
This is because there is a chance that the drivers cannot use two different tire compounds. For example, if the heavy rain does not stop throughout the race, drivers have no choice but to use the extreme wet tires for the entire duration of the Grand Prix. It would therefore be unsafe to enforce the use of anything but the wet tires.
Wet tires have the ability to last through the entire race in some cases, which is why we sometimes don’t see many pit stops during a wet race, although it’s rare for a car to go all the way to the end. This takes away some of the strategy in the race, but if the track begins to dry out it becomes interesting to see which drivers will try the dry tires first for extra grip and faster lap times.
Why Do Wet Tires Last Longer?
The extreme wet tires tend to last much longer than slick tires because of the fact that there is less rubber touching the tarmac. The grooves in the tires are used to displace the water from underneath the tires, but this also means that there is less surface area that’s in contact with the ground.
This means that wet tires also have lower operating temperatures which means that the rubber takes much longer to wear out than on a set of slick tires. However, this does mean that the wet tires need to be kept cool throughout the race or else they will quickly shred down to the canvas underneath, risking a tire failure.
Luckily these tires are only used in wet conditions, and the water on track can be used to cool the tires down. Oftentimes we see drivers purposefully driving through puddles to keep their tires as cool as possible, especially on a drying track.
What Is The Penalty For Not Pitting In F1?
The penalty for not pitting in F1 during a dry race is disqualification from the race. A time penalty would not be enough as drivers would gain a 20+ second advantage by not pitting. There is no penalty for not pitting during a wet race.
When it comes to the mandatory pit stop rule, a punishment had to be implemented to force drivers to commit to their pit stops throughout the Grand Prix. This had to be done to prevent drivers from taking a chance and running the entire race without pitting.
In theory, a driver could get through the race without pitting depending on the tire compound they are using and how well they can manage their tires.
If a driver completes the Grand Prix without making their mandatory pit stop and using two different tire compounds throughout the course of the race they will be disqualified from the race. This might seem harsh, but a 5 or 10-second time penalty would not deter drivers as they could still gain an advantage over drivers who lose up to 25 seconds during a pit stop.
Should Pit Stops Be Mandatory In F1?
It is important to enforce mandatory pit stops in Formula 1 to ensure that the teamwork and strategic elements of the sport remain intact. Without this rule, we may see the frequency of pit stops in Formula 1 dropping, and the strategic element disappearing.
It also adds to the spectacle of the sport, and losing pit stops means that we’ll lose the opportunity to see these mechanics fully service a Formula 1 car incredibly quickly, often setting world records for the fastest ever pit stops.
Pit stops are an important part of Formula 1 and losing them would not be good for the sport. There is still a focus on drivers’ ability to preserve their tires and driving as smooth as possible as it would allow them to open up more strategic avenues in terms of making their pit stops at a later stage of the race.
Without mandatory pit stops, we’d often see drivers going slower than normal and really managing their tires quite excessively to make it to the end of the race. This would likely lead to poorer racing as drivers wouldn’t be willing to take as many risks defending or overtaking.
How Many Times Can You Pit In F1?
You can pit as many times as you like in F1. However, you have to keep in mind that the more pit stops you make the longer it will take you to get to the end of the race. Ultimately, the driver that is able to get to the end of the race the fastest will win, which usually requires few pit stops.
In the refueling era it was common to see some drivers using a four-stop strategy and still finishing on the podium. This is because having less fuel in the car made it lighter, and even with the pit stops and the time lost in the pit lane they were able to make up time on track with this speed advantage.
Nowadays it’s more difficult to be competitive while making lots of pit stops, and it’s rare to see more than two pit stops under normal dry conditions. The chaotic and wet 2011 Canadian Grand Prix saw Jenson Button win the race with a total of six pit stops, one of which was a drive-through penalty. This is the record for a driver winning the race with the most pit stops.
Can More Pit Stops Be Faster?
In the previous generation where refueling was part of the sport there were times when more pit stops were faster. However, there is a limit to how many pit stops you can make and still get an advantage from it.
The average pit stop can cost a driver up to 25 seconds or more at some tracks. In order for the pit stop to be worth it they will need to make that time up on track. In some cases, the fresher tires and change of compound can gain a driver a significant amount of time, in which case making a pit stop does become faster over the course of a race.
However, it takes careful calculation and consideration from the strategists and race engineers to determine whether stopping more than once will be faster or not. After all, there’s no guarantee that their driver will be faster on fresher tires, and there’s always the chance that the tires wear out before they have made up their 25+ second deficit.
There is a lot of strategy involved in making pit stops in F1. It’s often faster over the course of the race to sacrifice an earlier pit stop to hopefully catch back up towards the end, and using strategies like undercuts and overcuts is often what separates first and second place.
Why Do They Say Box Instead Of Pit In F1?
The word ‘box’ is used rather than pit because it is easier to distinguish phonetically over the team radio. The word ‘box’ is much clearer and easier to hear than the work ‘pit’ over the team radio, and this is especially true when the radio quality was poor back in the earlier days of F1.
One of the most famous phrases in Formula 1 is the word ‘box’, which is used to instruct the driver to head into the pits and make a pit stop or retire the car. The race engineer will often repeat “box box, box box” to ensure the driver hears them, as missing a pit stop window can be catastrophic for a driver’s race.
The phrase stuck even as the quality of the radios improved in the mid-2000s. The phrase ‘box’ was used to refer to the white painted lines in the form of a box where the driver stops to make their pit stop in front of their garage.
Pit stops have become mandatory in Formula 1 as the sport aims to keep the strategic element in the sport. Pit stops are mandatory if the race starts under dry conditions, and drivers must use two different compounds throughout the race.