How F1 Drivers Practice – Ultimate Guide

Formula 1 drivers are the best in the world, and they control their cars with incredible precision. These drivers are the masters of their craft, and it’s rare to see them making mistakes. With this in mind, you might be wondering how F1 drivers practice.

F1 drivers rarely practice and cannot drive their cars unless they are at an official event. In between races, drivers spend time in simulators either at the factories or at home. The drivers also spend a lot of time in the gym in order to physically prepare for the upcoming race.

Drivers often need to train their minds and their bodies before a Grand Prix, because driving a Formula 1 car requires a lot of focus and physical strength. But let’s take a closer look at how drivers are actually able to practice before getting into the car for the Grand Prix weekend.

Are F1 Drivers Allowed To Practice?

F1 drivers are allowed to practice during official F1 events. Otherwise, they are not allowed to practice by driving current cars. Drivers may sometimes drive older F1 cars outside of race weekends, but official events are the only time drivers can truly practice outside the simulator.

In the past, Formula 1 drivers were allowed to practice during the middle of the season. Mid-season testing was allowed for many decades, and if a team had a car and a track available, they could let their drivers out to do as many laps as they wanted to complete.

Being able to practice as much as they wanted to during the middle of the season gave the drivers and their team an advantage. Drivers were able to get used to the cars and perfect their setups, and teams would be able to test any upgraded parts they wanted to fit onto their cars for upcoming races.

Ferrari took the most advantage of this, and in 2002 alone, they managed to get over 200 days of private testing for both of their drivers. However, private testing was banned in the late 2000s, and teams were no longer able to take advantage of free track time in their cars. Private testing was banned to make the sport fairer, as other teams do not have the budget to do their own private testing.

F1 Free Practice Explained

Formula 1 drivers have 3 Free Practice sessions at each Grand Prix weekend. The only exception is during a Sprint race weekend when the drivers will only be given 2 Free Practice sessions. This simply means that they need to condense their practice programs into 2 hours as opposed to 3.

Each Free Practice session lasts 1 hour, which gives the drivers a total of 3 hours to get their practice in before the important Qualifying session and the Grand Prix on Sunday. If drivers were to make any mistakes or test their limits in any way, Free Practice is when they would want to do that.

Free Practice sessions are much more important than you might think. These practice sessions are just as important for the teams as they are for the drivers. Drivers need to drive their cars in specific ways with different setups in order to get the most out of a practice session.

Teams will run specific programs during each practice session to ensure that they are fully prepared for the race weekend that lies ahead of them. There are important elements that drivers and teams will be looking at during Free Practice sessions.

Adjusting To The Car And Track

The first is for the driver to adjust to the car. With private testing during the season banned, the only time that drivers get in their cars is during Grand Prix weekend, so they really need to make the most of these 3 practice sessions at its beginning.

Formula 1 drivers often need to test their limits on a track. Even if it’s a track that they have driven on 15 times in the past, their braking points and car’s handling change every single year. Practice sessions are helpful because drivers get an idea of how their new car handles.

Drivers will use this time to set their braking points and find ways to go faster and faster around the track. Drivers often need to adjust to the track as well, as it can change over time, which may require them to drive their cars differently.

Some tracks have new sections built onto them, and that would require the drivers to learn new racing lines. Another example is if a circuit has been resurfaced, it might have less grip than it did before.

Car Setup

Free Practice sessions are also used to help the driver get their car setup finely tuned. Formula 1 cars are extremely sensitive, and getting the setup right is crucial if the driver wants to have a successful weekend.

After Qualifying, the cars are put into Parc Fermé conditions, which means that the teams are not able to make any more major setups. This means that it’s crucial for Formula 1 drivers and teams to get their setups right before they reach Qualifying.

Having a good setup on the car can mean the difference between a good weekend and a bad weekend. For example, a driver with a good setup can beat their teammate by half a second or more in Qualifying if their teammate does not have a good setup on their car.

Setting up a Formula 1 car is no easy task, and in the majority of cases, there are only a few drivers who are good at perfecting their car setup every single time. Car setups can’t necessarily be copied either. It’s mostly based on what suits the driver and the circuit they are on, which is why they need track time during Free Practice sessions.

Gathering Data

Drivers need to complete as many laps as they can during Free Practice sessions, not just for their own comfort in the car, but also to help them plan their strategies for the race weekend. Drivers will set out to drive their cars in different types of conditions such as using hard tires, soft tires, and with different fuel loads onboard.

This will help the driver and the team determine how long it takes for their car’s fuel to burn and how long it takes for the tires to wear out. It will also go a long way toward helping the driver and teamwork out their strategy and plan of attack for the Grand Prix on Sunday.

With so much to focus on, drivers need to make the most of their 3 hours of practice in the car. If drivers and teams were able to practice privately during the season, they would have a lot of data on how their cars react under these different circumstances.

Having all drivers and teams practicing during the Grand Prix weekend makes it fair and allows all teams to stick to the budget cap. The smaller teams do not have the financial capacity to be able to do as much private testing as the bigger teams, which means they would fall behind.

How Do F1 Drivers Practice Between Races?

F1 drivers practice between races using simulators and by keeping their bodies in top condition. With private testing banned, drivers can’t take their cars out for a private practice session. This makes it difficult for the drivers to get any kind of practice in between races.

The majority of drivers have their own simulators at home, which can often be as simple as a PC simulator such as Assetto Corsa or the latest F1 game. However, they have setup their simulators to be more realistic. More on that later.

Drivers can sometimes also use the simulators at their team’s factories, which are much more complex and give them a decent amount of practice before the upcoming race. Other than simulators, drivers might spend time on track in other racing cars or go-karts.

However, what’s more important for F1 drivers than spending time in simulators is keeping their bodies in the best conditions. They also need to ensure that their mind is as sharp as possible for the upcoming race weekend, because it requires a ton of focus to drive their cars.

Mental Strength

Drivers practice their mental strength and focus between races. They can do this in a variety of different ways. Most of this involves using their mental capacity for long periods of time, and this can be done using simulators, but it’s not strictly necessary for a driver to use a simulator to train their mental strength.

Drivers can fine-tune their focus through a bunch of different tools such as a Batak, which requires the drivers to focus for long periods of time and react quickly. This helps the driver to prepare their mind and focus for the weekend ahead of them.

Some drivers also use visualization techniques, which they can do anywhere. Before the days of simulators, this was the go-to method that drivers used to clear their minds and focus on the task ahead of them.

When the drivers are in the car, their minds need to be clear and focused purely on driving their car to the best of their abilities. If a driver does not have the mental strength to do this, they are likely to perform poorly during the course of the weekend.

Physical Strength

Driving a Formula 1 car is incredibly difficult. It requires a lot of strength and endurance from the driver. The G-forces acting on the driver’s body is one of the elements that can cause fatigue to set in very quickly. Once the driver becomes tired, their mind will also become distracted, and they’ll quickly start losing pace.

Drivers often train at the gym between races, but they need to be careful not to overwork themselves during weight training. This would leave their muscles fatigued when they need them to drive their car over the course of the Grand Prix weekend.

Drivers will also work on their endurance between races by jogging, cycling, and swimming in their spare time. Formula 1 drivers are athletes, and they need to ensure that they keep themselves as fit as possible if they want to beat their competition during the Grand Prix.

All Formula 1 drivers have trainers who often travel with them. These trainers are in charge of working on their drivers’ fitness levels and mental strength, as well as regulating their diet to ensure that the drivers are in the best possible shape for the next race.

Do F1 Drivers Use Simulators?

F1 drivers do use simulators to practice. Drivers are not allowed to drive Formula 1 cars during the season because of the private testing ban. This means that the closest thing they will get to driving a Formula 1 car is a simulator. While a simulator isn’t real, it’s still very accurate.

Simulators are not able to replicate the G-forces F1 drivers experience while they are in their cars. This is one of the reasons why a simulator will never be truly accurate. But when it comes to driving, the accuracy of the circuits, and the way the cars handle, modern-day simulators can come incredibly close.

This is the main reason why Formula 1 drivers use simulators to tune their setup before they get to go out on the track on a Friday morning for Free Practice. There are different types of simulators out there though, with some being more realistic and accurate than others. Formula 1 drivers need to use simulators that are as close as possible to the real thing.

Factory Simulators

Factory F1 simulators are the closest thing you can get to driving a Formula 1 car without actually driving one. These simulators are state of the art, and they have spent decades in development. Formula 1 teams have dedicated crews that build and operate these simulators to ensure that they can get as much accuracy as possible.

Factory simulators usually consist of a replica of the front end of a real Formula 1 car. This means that the driving position and everything inside the cockpit is genuine and as close to what the driver will be experiencing, seeing, and feeling when they step inside the cockpit of the car.

This replica cockpit is built into a full motion rig, which means that the cockpit of the car will move as the driver accelerates, brakes, and turns the steering wheel. While this won’t replicate the G-forces they will experience in a real Formula 1 car, it does give them a sense of motion while they’re driving.

The simulator screen is positioned in front of the replica cockpit in the exact eye line and driving position as the driver would be experiencing in real life. This gives the driver a good idea of what they will see when they’re out on track, and it will help them to find their braking points before they get to the track.

Home Simulators

Many Formula 1 drivers have their own home simulators. These might not be the fully-fledged motion simulators that they have access to at the factory, but it’s good enough to do the trick while they’re at home.

Drivers have setups that are similar to their own driving positions when in a Formula 1 car, and they hook up their rig to a PC and run basic simulators such as Assetto Corsa or the official F1 game.

These games do not necessarily have accurate handling models, but they have laser-scanned racetracks, which means that the racetracks on these games are incredibly accurate, and it’s a great way for drivers to practice when they are at home.

Aston Martin has built a replica cockpit of their Formula 1 car for their drivers to use as simulators at home. These setups help the drivers feel comfortable when they get into the real car at a racetrack, and they have the steaming positions and familiar surroundings inside the car.

How Do F1 Drivers Practice For New Tracks?

F1 drivers practice for new tracks with simulators, track walks, and Free Practice sessions. In addition to simulators, drivers and their teams can walk around the track before a Grand Prix. The drivers are also allowed to take their cars out during a Free Practice session on a Grand Prix weekend. 

One of the most important factors to succeed in Formula 1 is the ability to know a circuit and understand the layout. This will help the driver to know where they are going, how hard they can push, and it simply gives them an edge over a driver that does not know the circuit.

However, when the drivers get out on track for Free Practice 1 on Friday morning, it seems as though they know exactly how the track layout works and where they need to brake. This comes down to a few different factors that Formula 1 drivers use to help them learn a new circuit before their step foot in their F1 cars.


The first element that Formula 1 drivers use to learn new circuits is the simulator. However, with a circuit that is still under construction, it can be extremely difficult to replicate the exact look and layout of the track.

Some circuits are basic and easy to replicate, but others have elevation changes and bumps which play a crucial role, especially in Formula 1. Bumps and elevation changes mean that drivers need to adapt how they drive their car in that particular section, so it’s important for them to know about these sections beforehand.

Instead, Formula 1 drivers will use their simulators to learn the basic layout of the track. They will be looking at how tight the corners are and how hard they need to brake before each corner. Drivers will often do hundreds of laps on simulators before they head out onto the real circuit.

By the time they get to the track on Friday morning, they would have memorized the entire circuit. From there, it’s simply a matter of putting their practice into reality. Driving the car around the circuit becomes much easier because they already have a deep understanding of the layout.

Track Walks

Every Thursday before a Grand Prix is Track Walk Day. Drivers often head out onto the circuit with their crew members and walk around the track. Some drivers prefer to cycle or jog, but for the most part, drivers do this for a very good reason.

The track walk is incredibly important because it gives the drivers a chance to familiarize themselves with the track before the weekend starts. The crew members often walk with the drivers and talk them through the details of the track such as the cornering speeds, the gear they need to be in, and what they could be doing with their car setup.

Drivers will be walking around the track and keeping a close eye on the track surface. The track surface can give a driver a good idea of where they will be able to find grip while they’re in the car. Perhaps taking a wider line through a particular corner could give them more grip and higher cornering speeds.

The track walk also helps drivers with their visualization techniques, as it gives them an idea of the major points that they need to pay attention to. These can be bumps in the track’s surface or a particular braking point that they would be aiming for.

Free Practice Sessions

When it comes to new circuits, Free Practice sessions are more important than ever. The driver needs as much track time in the car as they can get. While simulators and track walks can help the driver to build a good mental image of the track, nothing gets as close to the real thing.

Drivers can’t rely on Free Practice sessions to help them learn the tracks though, because they still need to get their practice programs done to ensure that their teams gather as much data from the track as they can. The data is just as important for the team because they don’t have any previous experience on the tracks, either.

While the drivers are taking part in Free Practice, they tend to take it easy for the first few laps to get themselves settled into the new track. They will be trying to find out where the grip is on the track, where the bumps are, and if the racing line is as accurate as what they experienced in the simulator.

The drivers only have 3 hours of Free Practice before Qualifying starts, and even then, they might spend much of that time in the garage while the crew is working on the car. This is why it’s important for drivers to learn their tracks before they get to the race weekend.

How Do F1 Drivers Practice During Off-Season?

F1 drivers practice during off-season with simulators and training. The off-season is when drivers do not get into a Formula 1 car for several months, and during this time, it’s crucial for drivers to get as much practice as they can so they’re ready for the upcoming season.

Drivers continue to practice their skills in simulators because they need to keep their minds focused on the cars that they will be driving. Often, drivers use their home simulators instead, as this is their time to get away from the sport and come back refreshed and ready for a brand new season.

Drivers still have to train themselves physically and mentally. While they might not be with their personal trainers, drivers will continue their standard workout routine in the gyms, and they will also keep jogging, cycling, and swimming to stay fit. Many drivers compete in Iron Man events and marathons during the off season.

One thing that drivers can’t practice during the off-season is “race fitness. It’s nearly impossible to practice race fitness because this involves intense G-forces that drivers only experience when driving a Formula 1 car. Drivers often only practice this again during preseason testing and the first couple races of the season.

Final Thoughts

F1 drivers are only allowed to practice in F1 cars if they are at an official event, such as a race weekend or winter testing. With private testing being banned, drivers have to rely on simulators. Drivers also need to train their mental and physical strength to ensure they are fit to race.